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As an individual, or as a foundation, or a conservancy organization you can make a difference by supporting research in Guatemala

FLAAR is a non-profit in USA. FLAAR Mesoamerica is a non-profit in Guatemala that accomplishes field work, library research and academic publications. MayanToons is the team (of FLAAR and FLAAR Mesoamerica) that prepares educational material for Maya children in rural areas. FLAAR-REPORTS is the team in advanced digital printing technology (which helps us be able to print material for museums, national parks, and Mayan schools in remote areas of Central America).

You can impact Flora and Fauna research projects:

We study flowering plants, especially edible plants that can improve the health of local Mayan, Garifuna and Xinca people in rural areas. Amaranth seed and bledo leaves are two examples of local native superfoods of Guatemala. During half a century of research on Maya agriculture (lots more than just milpa slash-and-burn) and learning about traditional Maya home gardens, we have found over 300 edible plants (so they ate more than maize, beans, and squash, ate more than the 4 or 5 root crops attentively mentioned by Bennet Bronson, and for sure had more tree fruits, nuts, seeds, and other edible parts of tree than just ramon nuts (that Lundell mentioned frequently and then Dennis Puleston helpfully championed as a healthy edible nut).

With your donation we can update and refresh the information we publish in our reports. We can keep doing field research and keep looking for ancestral knowledge deep in the rain forest. Equally important, we can share our library research and results of our fieldwork with schools, families, and local organizations in the area where we work. Plus, we can do a ZOOM conference with you, your family, your friends and colleagues, in your home town anywhere in the world.

Let’s find alternatives to our addictive use of plastic! Why use tons of plastic when you can use leaves?

Often it is the grandmothers in the markets and in the villages that know the most about ancestral uses of local plants. We can in return assist them with programs to teach ABCs to their generation (since often they had no school available when they were children).

Plus we do library and field research on plants that can already provide useful materials to the Mayan people living in these ecosystems. Why buy a broom if you can make one from palm fronds of the escoba palm (broom palm)? Why use plastic to wrap things if you can use local heliconia leaves? When finished with this wrap, it forms mulch for plants around your kitchen garden (the garden around a Mayan home where they raise edible plants not related to any milpa slash-and-burn agriculture).

In many local Maya markets products literally are not wrapped in plastic; they are wrapped in leaves of about three or more different plants. We would like to publish information more about all the local native plants of Guatemala, Belize, Mexico and Honduras that can allow avoiding using plastic.

Your donation definitely can help. Plastic packaging covers roadsides, fills local rivers and then floods into the oceans. Ps: you can also make table place mats, and even PLATES and serving dishes, from leaves.

We have been doing field research in mountains, hills, and remote lowlands area to learn from local Mayan families how they make their houses with no plastic and no other eco-damaging materials. We now have more photos and more documentation for these areas than the entire useful helpful Carnegie Institution of Washington monograph on Maya house construction (which was based more on Yucatan and parts of Guatemala far from the areas where we do our fieldwork).

Your donation could enable us to show, in animated video, step-by-step how to build a Maya house (the way they were 2000 years ago and with the natural resources available in those years and still today in remote areas).

Would also be great to have a “living museum” in Florida with capable experienced Mayan people building a series of sample thatch-roofed houses to document the wide range of options (lots more than just guano or corozo palm as thatch; LOTS MORE). We have it all documented so are ready to coordinate with a local museum in Florida.

Non-flowering plants are also helpful

Non-flowering plants often occupy a significant part of a forest, especially a cloud forest (northern Baja Verapaz and adjacent southern Alta Verapaz). Even more non-flowering plants cover wetlands (on recent field trips to National Park Yaxha we have documented ferns rising over 2 meters above the water level specifically at Aguada Maya (also called Poza Maya, about 3 to 4 kilometers from the Maya ruins of Yaxha) and even more species of ferns than just three in the remarkably biodiverse seasonally inundated Savanna of 3 Fern Species (at the west end of PNYNN). Lots of mosses on trunks and roots; and we expect to find plenty of Liverworts also. No pine trees in PNYNN (millions a few kilometers to the east throughout Belize and perhaps a hundred 3 km northeast outside of the NE corner of the Tikal park (this park is adjacent on the west of the Yaxha park). But no pines within Tikal part area nor within Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo. Pines do not have flowers; they are Gymnosperms.

Can you build your house with ferns?

Literally, can you use ferns to construct an entire house?

Fly Dr Nicholas to your nearest museum, school, university or club (Harvard Club, Yale Club, Brown University Club, or any university club) and he can show you what species and how ferns were used more than modern architects realized. Or, via ZOOM conference.

Plus millions of hornworts underwater in the chain of lakes from Sacnab at the east, then Yaxha, and then lots more to the western edge of Parque Nacional Yaxha Nakum Naranjo (PNYNN). Rio Holmul is a totally different habitat than Rio Ixtinto (Rio Holmul is at the entrance to Nakum and a healthy hike to the north from Naranjo sector of PNYNN). BBC-TV wanted to come do a documentary with FLAAR at Yaxha but in that year we were not yet doing hornworts, algae or other underwater fresh water plants (other than water lilies). Now we are ready.

Spirulina is an algae that was a superfood from the wetlands surrounding the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. Since the Olmecs had lots of wetlands in Veracruz and Tabasco, worth studying whether they also harvested and ate spirulina. Chlorella is another edible green algae, but I have not yet seen that word mentioned for Aztec food source. Spirulina (powder) is sold in supermarkets in Guatemala but would be helpful to learn whether it is sold in baskets in Mayan markets in towns and villages. You can buy both spirulina and chlorella as powder, pill, capsule or liquid online.

Spirulina is rated as one of the literally single MOST HEALTHY FOODS in the world. But definitely needs some helpful discussion to show where to find this in Guatemala (it’s best known for Central Mexico for the Aztecs; not yet adequately documented for Mayan areas).

At the north end of Nakum we found and photographed 3-dimensional lichens from thin branches that had blown down from up in treetops (can produce dye colorants as can several mushrooms of Guatemala). Now that we know what part of the tree they grow on, our team can rappel high into the trees to photograph them at 1:1 macro precision.

Having good photography equipment is very helpful
Having capable photographers is also essential

Our focus is high-resolution digital photography of all edible and useful plants of the Maya. We accomplish all photography currently in Guatemala and nearby Copan Ruinas area of adjacent Honduras, but our library research on edible and useful plants includes Chiapas, Tabasco, Campeche, Yucatan, Quintana Roo, Belize, Copan Ruinas area of Honduras, western side of El Salvador, plus all of Guatemala (Maya, Xinca and Garifuna), to assist in finding and publishing which under-utilized native local plants are edible and more healthy than modern junk food.

We are also very interested in any plant that can help replace plastic, etc. The library aspect of this is accomplished by our library research team Vivian Hurtado, flora-fauna researcher Victor Mendez and Nicholas Hellmuth. David Frank has now joined this team.

We are able to find rare and under-studied plants because we have experience (and initiative and energy) to hike for kilometers deep into the rain forests, wade through rivers, swamps, and bogs, climb steep hills and reach biodiverse ecosystems that no other ecologist, botanist, or zoologist has yet recorded. Senaida Ba Mucu assists us on all field trips especially in Q’eqchi’ Mayan-speaking areas of Alta Verapaz, Peten, and Izabal. Other Mayan-speaking individuals work with us in their areas. Now we are coordinating with Garifuna speakers in the Caribbean area of Municipio de Livingston, Izabal, Guatemala.

We appreciate the assistance of the co-administrators and park rangers at PNYNN during 2018-2019 and the assistance of the Municipio de Livingston Alcalde and head of coordinating team during 2020. The publications on each of these projects mention the key individuals.

If you could provide us a Canon R5 (their newest mirrorless digital camera system), $4,999.

Yaxha, Peten. Satellite view

You can donate stock; this saves you taxes on rise in stock value plus full value of stock when sold. We have dedicated stock market advisor that has experience handling the donation of stock to FLAAR.

Canon RF 100-500mm f/4.5-7.1L IS USM Lens, $2,699, with 1.4x extender ($499) and circular polarizer filter (German brand, not Chinese; $82).

Canon RF 35mm f/1.8 IS Macro STM lens, $449 and circular polarizer filter, circa $70 (never get a filter or lens made low-bid; sorry).

The single most helpful camera that would literally change Maya archaeology, Maya flora and fauna and ecological research and coffee table book results would be a donation by a generious individual of enough stock or regular donation to facilitate our team having available a Phase One XT camera system.

Phase One is a company I know from having visited their headquarters about 15 years ago in Denmark. They wiped out Hasselblad and Leica with both camera and lens quality, plus their Capture One software blows-away Photoshop and Lightroom.

The XT model, $56,999, is a totally new development, a “field camera” for fieldtrips; it is not a bulky studio camera. You get what you pay for: 150 MEGApixel médium format digital back plus Made in Germany lens engineered specifically for this camera.

Phase One XT 50mm Rodenstock HR Digaron-W f/4, $11,990.00

MayanToons educational animated video preparation and
production team

The entire MayanToons book team also contributes to the animated video preparation. Production manager is animator Laura Morales. Valeria Aviles produces the drawings that are animated. Karen Torres prepares the music. We are gradually adding music from Mayan instruments such as ocarina and flutes.

MayanToons educational book preparation and production team:

Nicholas Hellmuth writes the original storyboards on each plant, mammal, bird, reptile, etc. based on his experience in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador since 1961. Kaqchiquel Mayan illustrators Rosa Sequen Subuyuj and Maria Josefina Sequen Subuyuj do the illustrations as does Valeria Aviles. Heidy Alejandra Galindo Setina has joined this team in August 2020.

Nicholas has also worked on two archaeological projects in Peru: one summer for a Harvard project in Ancon, coastal Peru; another summer high in the Andes mountains for a Yale University Project. But our research on plants and animals is focused on Mesoamerica (the area of Mexico and Central America occupied by or influenced by the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Maya, Toltec, Classic Veracruz, or Aztec).

Capable Hollywood companies can produce blockbuster movies such as Rio and Rio 2. But they have to hire outside consultants since none of their in-house animators have lived or even experienced the rain forests in the lowlands, swamps, or cloud forests in the mountains of Guatemala.

Our team lives and works not merely in Guatemala, but in rural and remote Mayan areas. Speakers of K’iche’ Mayan, Q’eqchi’ Mayan, Kaqchikel Mayan, and Pokokchi Mayan languages not only assist in the office but they also help us in the mountain cloud forests or lowland seasonally inundated swamps and savannas.

We have in-house research library, in-house research teams, plus most of the year we are waist deep in mangrove swamps or documenting aquatic orchids floating on the roots of floating reeds (several meters from the shore). Yes, no intelligent person would get chest deep in the water here to be able to do 1:1 macro photographs to document that the roots of these orchids really are aquatic. The helpful field work team grab Dr Nicholas and try to prevent him getting out of the boat and keep him from jumping into the swamp (that local crocodiles really love; no alligators in this part of Central America, just crocodiles; one species inland; another along the coasts).

But, very simple, by being with his head above water level he can accomplish close-up photography of the roots of the orchids crawling down over the roots of the reeds and allowing the orchids to tap into the water (sorry, but the well documented presence of Crocodylus moreletii is not his focus when 90% of the orchidologists that he spoke with did not accept the chance that orchids could foat on top of reeds over the water (only Fredy Archila realized Hellmuth was correct)).

Hellmuth mapped this Yaxha area with the help of a capable team of Guatemalan archaeologists and students half a century ago. He lived in a treehouse the first two years while doing this (since there was nowhere in the jungle floor to build a camp).

Our multi-lingual, multi-cultural team is ready to cooperate and assist EU, Americas, Asia, Middle East or other embassy or consulate programs for Guatemala on education and/or research on flora, fauna, cultural history and comparable. We can produce books, videos, animation, infographic posters, bibliographies (lists of suggested reading) or other needs for an embassy or consulate program from EU, Americas, or elsewhere around the world in Guatemala.

We are also available to cooperate with and provide lectures and exhibits for any consulate of Guatemala around the world. An individual, corporation, project, or foundation in that city can provide funding for this.


Most recently updated August 2020.

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We are dedicated to continue to be a source of information and education about flora and fauna of Mesoamerica today that is related to Classic Maya civilization 2000 years ago.

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